Skip to main content

After 8 days of bombardment, rebels retreat from Syrian town

By the CNN Wire Staff
June 13, 2012 -- Updated 2248 GMT (0648 HKT)
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: ICRC decides when crisis in Syria can be considered civil war, U.N. official says
  • United States and Russia trade barbs over arming sides in the Syrian conflict
  • Syrian government forces reclaim the northwestern town of al Haffa
  • At least 77 people are killed Wednesday, an opposition group says

(CNN) -- After eight days of bombardment, Syrian government forces reclaimed the northwestern town of al Haffa on Wednesday, forcing rebels to stage a dawn retreat.

President Bashar al-Assad's government said through the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency that its forces had "restored security and calm after clearing it from the armed terrorist groups."

It said it had seized a cache of armaments, including sniper rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and explosive devices.

An opposition group said rebel forces had withdrawn from Haffa and surrounding villages "in order to preserve the lives of civilians." The London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Haffa had been under heavy shelling for eight consecutive days.

Report: Children used as human shields

Fighting raged elsewhere as well, as the Syrian military pummeled cities from both the ground and sky, opposition activists said.

Syrian to reporter: Fed kids rotten food

The Homs province city of Rastan came under fresh attack from planes and rocket-propelled grenades, the opposition Local Coordination Committees of Syria said.

'Small slice of horror' in Syria

At least 77 people were killed Wednesday, including 23 in Homs province, the group said.

Syria allowing 'crimes against humanity'

CNN cannot independently confirm reports of casualties because the Syrian government has restricted access by international journalists.

Is Syria's regime losing Damascus?

Escalating violence has prompted the United Nations peacekeeping chief to become the first official from the global body to declare the Syrian crisis a civil war.

"Yes, I think we can say that," Herve Ladsous said Tuesday. "Clearly what is happening is that the government of Syria lost some large chunks of territory, several cities to the opposition, and wants to retake control."

But U.N. Spokesman Martin Nesirky told reporters Wednesday that it is up to the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva to determine when the crisis in Syria is considered a civil war.

Asked about Ladsous' characterization of the fighting, Nesirky said, "I think it's clear that it's not for us to determine or formally characterize the nature of the conflict in Syria," he said. "Everyone has been speaking about the escalation of violence, use of tactics and use of weaponry. That is where the focus is: to stop that."
The United States and Russia, meanwhile, accused each other of arming sides in the conflict.

Washington said Russia was sending attack helicopters to Syria, which U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton feared would "escalate the conflict quite dramatically."

State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said the United States has been "pushing the Russians for months to break their military ties with the Syrian regime, and they haven't done it. And instead they keep reassuring all of us that what they are sending militarily to Syria can't be used against civilians. And now what are we seeing? We are seeing the Syrian government using helicopters to fire on their own people from the air."

But the Russian state-controlled arms trader Rosoboronexport said it will fulfill its arms contract with Syria, the state-owned RIA Novosti news agency reported.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov dismissed U.S. claims.

"We are completing right now the implementation of contracts that were signed and paid for a long time ago," he said after talks with his counterpart in Iran. "All these contracts concern exclusively anti-aircraft defense.

Who is Abdul Basit Sieda?
Syrian activist pleads for intervention
Struggle to save wounded kids in Syria
McCain: U.S. reaction to Syria shameful

"We are not delivering to Syria, or anywhere else, items that could be used against peaceful demonstrators," he said. "In this we differ from the United States, which regularly delivers riot control equipment to the region. But for some reason the Americans consider this to be fine."

Lavrov said it was the United States that was escalating the conflict by arming the Syrian opposition.

But Nuland told reporters that that was not the case. "The United States is sending no military equipment to the Syrian opposition," she said Wednesday. "What we are doing is providing nonlethal supports ... primarily communications gear and we are also one of the largest donors of humanitarian relief for the Syrian people, medical supplies, etc., through the U.N. agencies, some $52 million so far."

U.N. observers had attempted to reach al Haffa but were prevented by government supporters who lay down on the road, the opposition Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

Angry crowds surrounded the observers' cars and hurled stones and metal rods at the vehicles, said Sausan Ghosheh, a spokeswoman for the U.N. monitoring mission in Syria.

As the monitors were leaving the area, an unknown source fired at three vehicles, she said.

The Syrian regime had a different story. State-run television said some residents in the province "tried to explain to members of the observers' mission their suffering from terrorist groups, but the observers did not listen to them. Instead, one of their cars hit three citizens," two of whom were in critical condition.

The peacekeeping chief's spokesman called the firing on peacekeepers' vehicles "deliberate and direct," and said U.N. officials were evaluating whether the 300 unarmed peacekeepers in Syria are safe enough to continue their activities.

Thousands of Syrians have died in the violent uprising. Opposition groups estimate the death toll to range from at least 12,000 to more than 14,000.

Al-Assad's government lashed out at Washington, saying it "is continuing its blatant interference in the internal affairs of Syria, its open support for terrorists, covering up terrorists' crimes, distorting facts about Syria at the United Nations, and extorting countries and the international community to beleaguer Syria," the state news agency reported Wednesday.

At least 60 people were killed Tuesday, the Local Coordination Committees said. Among the victims was a family of six, including an infant. They were killed in Aleppo province when a shell landed on their home, the opposition group said.

The state-run new agency said 36 "martyrs from the army and law enforcement forces" were buried Tuesday.

CNN's Richard Roth, Pam Benson, Holly Yan, Phil Black and Salma Abdelaziz contributed to this report.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
Syrian crisis
March 4, 2014 -- Updated 1328 GMT (2128 HKT)
Syria has submitted a revised proposal "that aims to complete the removal of all chemicals" from the country before the end of April.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 1032 GMT (1832 HKT)
CNN's Arwa Damon reports on ISIS defector who says destroying ISIS as critical as defeating regime.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 0353 GMT (1153 HKT)
The U.S. wants a United Nations resolution that will, among other things, bring humanitarian aid for refugees in Syria.
February 17, 2014 -- Updated 1259 GMT (2059 HKT)
When the radical Islamist militia ISIS arrived in the Syrian town of Addana a year ago, many welcomed them. What followed changed their minds.
February 17, 2014 -- Updated 1449 GMT (2249 HKT)
CNN obtained video clips from Syrian activists documenting the atrocities committed by members of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, known as ISIS.
February 18, 2014 -- Updated 2017 GMT (0417 HKT)
On Crossfire, Danielle Pletka discusses what the U.S. needs to do to resolve the Syria crisis.
February 6, 2014 -- Updated 0101 GMT (0901 HKT)
Her almond-shaped brown eyes shine through her sunken face as a doctor lifts her sweater to reveal a tiny rib cage pushing against her skin.
February 4, 2014 -- Updated 1746 GMT (0146 HKT)
The Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan is home to around 100,000 Syrian refugees. CNN spent several days meeting the residents of the camp.
January 22, 2014 -- Updated 1959 GMT (0359 HKT)
Renowned war crimes prosecutors and forensic experts have found "direct evidence" of "torture and killing" by the Assad regime.
Traumatized children who have witnessed the horrors of war are being helped to read -- and rebuild a normal life. CNN's Becky Anderson reports.
January 23, 2014 -- Updated 1207 GMT (2007 HKT)
A battle zone tour organized by the Syrian government for CNN and several other media outlets Wednesday was more than bizarre.
January 22, 2014 -- Updated 1735 GMT (0135 HKT)
CNN's Atika Shubert meets with the family of a little girl who was wounded in Syria, now living in a refugee camp.
January 27, 2014 -- Updated 1456 GMT (2256 HKT)
110 year old, Jabari Alawali walked for over 10 hours to reach Jordan from Syria.
ADVERTISEMENT